Criminal Justice: Treatment for Incarcerated Addicts

Even the worst among us have the problems, that should be addressed somehow – the issue becomes arguable when it considers addiction and its treatment.

Medication Assisted Treatment for Incarcerated Addicts

Different groups of people engage in criminal activities. The society has witnessed shocking events that have led to the offenders being jailed, and among the offenders, there are those who have problems with different forms of addiction. Thus, this topic has become rather arguable recently and is studied in many education institutions. If you want to impress your educator with an excellent essay on this topic, try this web-source

It is believed that individual inmates with heroin addiction have a higher chance of dying after leaving prison than if they had been roaming the streets. Such circumstances have led various groups to ask jails and prisons to create medication assisted treatment to individuals suffering from addiction.

The criminal justice system has existed for several years, but it was until the year 2016 that jails started to offer medication-assisted treatment. Several jail facilities do not have such facilities or are on the verge of setting them up. The element of treating addicted inmate is a phenomenon that is very new, and in few occasions have people stopped to think about the importance it brings to the society. But there could be a positive aspect associated with this kind of treatment.

The notion highlighted above needs to be diffused. Treatment for an inmate incarcerated has a positive impact regarding reducing known instances of crime in the society. According to the Warren County judge who is a keen advocate for the practice, ex-inmates who have undergone the treatment are living their lives, and only a few of them return to the courts with subsequent offenses. It is evidence of the fact that the jails and prisons can be turned into a better place through the treatment program.

The case being raised here is not only concerned with creating facilities that offer assistance but facilities that develop programs that are in line with the set regulations of Food and Drugs Authorities (FDA).

Even though jails have tried very much to come up with the treatment programs, there are no jails that are dedicated to providing all the three main medication approved by the FDA for opioid and heroin. The three medications that are approved by the FDA include the naltrexone, buprenorphine, and methadone. Experts believe that it is important to offer all the three forms of treatment because there is no one fit treatment for all the conditions.

There are facilities which have shown that changes can be made and such treatments can be availed. One such facility is the Rhode Island prison. The program was established back in the year 2016 and has cost the state a huge sum of money which is estimated at $2 million.

The medical director of the Rhode Island department of corrections established that there was a need to address the issue of deaths arising from an overdose. The issue got the attention of the governor of the state, and the department of medical treatment was provided with the financing to set up the facility.

Even though various people are making concerted efforts to set up medication assisted treatment, the criminal justice system does not rely on evidence-based treatment as standard practice. The situation has made it difficult for the new form of treatment to properly take off in the jails.

There is only one situation under which care for inmates is similar to that of people who are free, and it is only when one is pregnant and incarcerated. A pregnant woman is given Subutex or Methadone while they are in prison. The situation is the unique circumstance when proper medication is given to patients who are incarcerated.

The question that comes to mind is whether such high level of medication should only be provided when one is pregnant. According to the director of Kentucky Department of Corrections division of substance abuse, the treatment stated above is important to ensure that the unborn child is properly protected. In Cincinnati, there is at least one medication for the addicted population that is non-pregnant. The treatment used is Vivitrol which is an injectable naltrexone. The Vivitrol is considered as a better option than having nothing at all.

What is intriguing is the fact that there is only one medication for non-pregnant inmates. The single drug is not better than nothing; there is much more medication that is needed for addiction patients in jail.

As much as there is no hierarchy of importance between medications, it is critical to have several forms of treatments for patients in jail since there is no one best way of treating all the conditions that one faces. All the medications that are made available are good options, and it is the role of the practitioner to determine what primarily works for them.

The medication assisted treatment is important for inmates who are jailed while they are fighting addiction. It has been established that it is important to avail multiple forms of medications for such inmates to ensure that they are treated effectively in preparation for life out of incarceration. It has been affirmed through criminal justice professionals that proper treatment of patients ensures that there are no cases of repeat offenders.